Seeds Easy To Grow?
Yes. Seeds naturally want and need to grow, and
even a child can grow them. The 'back page' of
each seed packet explains exactly how to grow
the seeds inside.
Is A Seed?
seed is the mature ovule of a plant. It contains
all the genetic material and stored energy
within to grow into a plant similar to its
parent plants, if growing conditions permit.
Seeds are of all different shapes, sizes and
colors quite amazing.
Do Seeds Come From?
Seeds are produced in the ovary of a flower when
pollination of the flower has taken place.
Plants may produce any number of seeds... from
the impatiens, which may produce thousands from
just one flower, to the lima bean, which
produces just two or three in a pod.
All Seeds Be Started Indoors?
No, in fact, only a few seeds need indoor
starting - those that are very slow-growing or
need a headstart where the season is short. The
individual packet will tell you specifically
when and where to plant.
Does "Germinate" Mean?
To germinate, a seed takes in water and begins
to swell, and continues until the tiny plants
emerge from the soil and begin to make their own
food by photosynthesis.
Long Until Germination?
The individual seed packet gives the approximate
number of days from planting to emergence (when
seedlings appear). For example, bean seeds take
about 7 to 10 days to germinate after planting.
SEED STARTING TIPS
Preparing The Soil
A rich sandy loam is well adapted to
gardening. Other kinds of soil are
suitable, but stiff clays need plenty
of fibrous material and must be
thoroughly broken up. Sandy soils
generally need additional fertilizing.
For general use, where well-rotted
stable manure is not available, a
commercial fertilizer should be added.
Work the soil deeply and make the top
3 or 4 inches as fine and loose as
possible. Much weed killing can be
done by hoeing or raking just before
planting. Do not work clay soils when
they are wet enough to stick to the
rake or hoe.
At time of planting seed in the open
ground, the soil should be moist but
never wet, when avoidable. To retain
moisture after planting, cover seed
immediately with fine, freshly
prepared earth and press it down
firmly and smoothly. This firming of
the soil brings the particles of earth
into close contact with seeds,
prevents drying out, and facilitates
Plant at a time when the atmospheric
and soil temperatures are most
favorable for germination of the kind
of seed to be sown. The best
temperature for each kind may be
learned from study of our cultural
directions and zonal charts and by
inquiring of successful gardeners in
your neighborhood. Zone
The proper depth for covering seed
varies with the different kinds of
seeds and conditions of soil. This can
be learned best through practical
When planting seed, the soil must be
loose and soft so that the tender
stems of seedlings can easily push
through, and the young roots quickly
find plant food. This is usually
secured by careful preparation of the
soil and by not planting fine seeds
when the ground is wet.
Stirring the surface soil during the
period of growth kills weeds, loosens
the ground so as to encourage root
development, allows air to enter, and
helps to conserve moisture.
Cultivation may be deep at first, but
as the plants grow it should be more
shallow to avoid injury to the roots.
When plants need artificial watering,
the best hours of the day for it are
early morning or evening. The roots,
however, may be watered at any time.
One good soaking is better than many
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