*Lilly Miller

*Ferry Morse


*Sheffield's Seed Co

*Thomas Morgan
Online Seeds

*Jung Quality Seeds

*Territorial Seed Company


Harris Seeds

Typowriters Online Gardening...Seed Starting Tips




Are Seeds Easy To Grow?
Yes. Seeds naturally want and need to grow, and even a child can grow them. The 'back page' of each seed packet explains exactly how to grow the seeds inside.

What Is A Seed?
A seed is the mature ovule of a plant. It contains all the genetic material and stored energy within to grow into a plant similar to its parent plants, if growing conditions permit. Seeds are of all different shapes, sizes and colors quite amazing.

Where Do Seeds Come From?
Seeds are produced in the ovary of a flower when pollination of the flower has taken place. Plants may produce any number of seeds... from the impatiens, which may produce thousands from just one flower, to the lima bean, which produces just two or three in a pod.

Should All Seeds Be Started Indoors?
No, in fact, only a few seeds need indoor starting - those that are very slow-growing or need a headstart where the season is short. The individual packet will tell you specifically when and where to plant.

What Does "Germinate" Mean?
To germinate, a seed takes in water and begins to swell, and continues until the tiny plants emerge from the soil and begin to make their own food by photosynthesis.

How Long Until Germination?
The individual seed packet gives the approximate number of days from planting to emergence (when seedlings appear). For example, bean seeds take about 7 to 10 days to germinate after planting.


Preparing The Soil
A rich sandy loam is well adapted to gardening. Other kinds of soil are suitable, but stiff clays need plenty of fibrous material and must be thoroughly broken up. Sandy soils generally need additional fertilizing.

For general use, where well-rotted stable manure is not available, a commercial fertilizer should be added. Work the soil deeply and make the top 3 or 4 inches as fine and loose as possible. Much weed killing can be done by hoeing or raking just before planting. Do not work clay soils when they are wet enough to stick to the rake or hoe.

At time of planting seed in the open ground, the soil should be moist but never wet, when avoidable. To retain moisture after planting, cover seed immediately with fine, freshly prepared earth and press it down firmly and smoothly. This firming of the soil brings the particles of earth into close contact with seeds, prevents drying out, and facilitates growth.

Plant at a time when the atmospheric and soil temperatures are most favorable for germination of the kind of seed to be sown. The best temperature for each kind may be learned from study of our cultural directions and zonal charts and by inquiring of successful gardeners in your neighborhood.
Zone 7

The proper depth for covering seed varies with the different kinds of seeds and conditions of soil. This can be learned best through practical experience.

When planting seed, the soil must be loose and soft so that the tender stems of seedlings can easily push through, and the young roots quickly find plant food. This is usually secured by careful preparation of the soil and by not planting fine seeds when the ground is wet.

Stirring the surface soil during the period of growth kills weeds, loosens the ground so as to encourage root development, allows air to enter, and helps to conserve moisture. Cultivation may be deep at first, but as the plants grow it should be more shallow to avoid injury to the roots.

When plants need artificial watering, the best hours of the day for it are early morning or evening. The roots, however, may be watered at any time. One good soaking is better than many light sprinklings.



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